Peek at the Kalash Tribe Civilization in Pakistan, the Place for Beautiful Blue-Eyed Women
|The beautiful Kalash woman (left) and the settlements of wood on the hillside, the land of heights so as to stay away from the flood.|
This area is located near the Afghan border and is still quite dangerous to get to this region.
Because a lot of keeping is done in the middle of the road by criminals and individual Afghan fighters.
Not surprisingly, going to the area must have a lot of security money out for the police over the Pakistani army to maintain the safety of the tourists.
The journey to this place takes at least 11 hours by car to the village just to see houses on the slopes of the Kalash mountain range.
"It's very prone to get there you have to be escorted by the police, so just give enough money for them to escort the car," said Hussain Choudhary, a local guide to QUX.ME some time ago.
"In the past they actually did not live on the slopes of the mountains, but on the plains near the river. But because there had been a major flood, their homes were exhausted and eventually evacuated to the slopes of the mountains were built using wood," he added.
Kalash residents very well welcomed the tourists who came warmly.
What's interesting is that most women all wear colorful clothes until their hats are also colorful.
"Here are generally women, even if there are very old men enjoying retirement at home. The men all move to a big city in Pakistan to make money. Collected and definitely bring home money for his wife and children and then return to the big city in Pakistan again, "he explained.
One interesting thing about this tribe, although the majority of Pakistanis are Muslim, but this Pakistani tribe is not Muslim.
Even the Kalash tribe produces wine (wine) and drinks itself while also selling it to support their lives.
Therefore they are many who grow vines in cold places in the mountains.
This area even though the mountains have no earthquakes at all so that living on the slopes of the mountains remains safe until now.
In addition to drinking wine they also eat goat meat everyday along with vegetables such as chillies and corn which are stored in the ground (mountain slopes in their homes) as food supplies.
"If the winter is heavy, their snow is hard outside the house so cooking will be taken from the corn stock inside the house," he said.
Keep away from the familyGenerally Kalash women are very healthy and strong. But even more interesting, if they come to the moon or are pregnant, they live in a special house, distinguished from their own house, called Bashaleni, kept away from their family members.
So in the place of the Kalash tribe there is a special house for those who are coming for months, or for those who are taking it.
Even giving food plates is not touching.
People who are coming to the moon are called out, food plates or something they want to give, are put on the ground in front of them, then taken by people who are coming in that month.
Their hair is generally three pigtails, namely the one in front or in the middle, then the pigtails on the left and the pigtails on the right.
Many of them made their own clothes, knitting from various colorful materials that marked the brightness of their lives and the zest for their lives.
What is rather interesting is just ordinary men's clothing, even like using jute gongs, many of which are plain and not fashionable, very simple.
The Kalash woman's eyes are blue, making them more beautiful.
From historical records they are from very old Greek civilization.
Their religion and culture are separate, so some say animism or no religion.
The three main Kalash festivals are Chilam Joshi in mid-May, the Uchau Festival in autumn, and Caumus in the middle of winter.
They believe Pastoral God Sorizan protects livestock in the fall and winter and thanks the winter festival.
While Goshidai (believed to be Lord Kalash) did it until the Pul festival (full moon in September) and thanked the festival Joshi in the spring.
Joshi is celebrated at the end of May every year. Joshi's first day is "Milk Day", where Kalash offers milk offerings that have been stored for ten days before the festival.
The most important Kalash Festival is Chawmos which is celebrated for two weeks in the December winter solstice.
This marks the end of this year's field work and harvest.
This festival involves a lot of music, dance, and sacrifice of many goats dedicated to Lord Balimain who is believed to have visited from the mythical homeland of Kalash, Tsyam for the duration of the party.
Food sacrifices are offered at the Jeshtak clan Temple, dedicated to the ancestors.
In Chaumos, people who are not pure and do not know themselves are not accepted; they must be purified by waving fire signs on women and children and with special fire rituals for men, involving witch doctors waving signs of juniper over men.
The main Chaumos ritual takes place in Tok trees, a place called Indra's place, or Indrunkot sometimes believed to belong to Balumain's brother, the ruler of livestock.
Ancestors, who are imitated by boys are worshiped and offered bread, then they hold on to each other and form a chain and circle through the village.
The men must be divided into two groups: the pure must sing honorable past songs, but the impure ones sing wild, vibrant and obscene songs, with a completely different rhythm.
This event is accompanied by 'sex change', men dress as women, women as men (some also look as women and can change between the two forms at will).
At the Budulak Festival, a strong pre-teenage child is sent to the mountains to live with the goats during the summer.
He should be fat and strong from goat's milk.
When the festival comes he is permitted for a 24-hour period only to have sexual relations with the woman he wants, including even the wife of another man, or a young virgin.
Every child born from this 24 hour period is considered blessed.
Kalash claims to have erased this practice in recent years due to negative publicity around the world.
At this crucial moment, the pure becomes weaker, and the impure tries to dominate the children (who are very pure), pretends to put them "like a ram without horns," and continues in the procession of the snaking like a snake.
At this point, men who are not pure fight and fight.
When the song "Nagayrō" with the response "Han Sarías" was voiced, Balumain showered all blessings and vanished.
The Elder gave his blessing to seven sons (representing seven myths from eight Devalogs who received it on arrival), and this continued the blessing to all the saints.
In myth, Mahandeu deceived Balumain from superiority, when all gods slept together (euphemism) in the grasslands of Shawalo; therefore, he went to the mythical Kalash house in Tsiyam (tsíam), to return next year like Weda Indra.
If this doesn't happen, Balumain will teach humans how to have sex as a sacred act.
Instead, he could only teach them fertility songs used in the Chaumos ritual.
During the winter Kalash plays the inter-village tournament Chikik Gal (ball game) where villages compete with each other to hit the ball up and down the valley in thick snow.
Using the Kalasha language from the Dardik language family which is a branch of the Indo-Aryan language family.
They are considered a unique group when compared to other Pakistanis.
As the smallest ethnoreligious community in Pakistan as animism of Ancient Hinduism.
The war in the Nuristan region where the people were Islamized between 1895-1896 (neighboring Kalash) resulted in the deaths of many Nuristan people, then many went to Kalash.
Similarly, the Afgan (neighboring Pakistan around the border) finally began to enter the Kalash region to fill the population void.
The Kalash tribe in Chitral can still maintain their cultural traditions well today.